Introduction to Shorthand -: Shorthand Course For Beginners With System Groote

Introduction To Shorthand

From tears, we mean immediately the writing method is the medium through which the speakers' sounds can be read and written simultaneously, it is called shorthand. It is represented by geometrical form, with the speed of handwriting increasing up to five times.

1. Purpose and importance

The significance of shorthand is believed in India since ancient times, it has been used for a long time to increase the pace of handwriting, along with India, there is a trend of shorthand throughout the world.  The compositions of famous writers have also been written in tears.  Such as Charles Deacons Shakespeare et al.  Its usage has increased a lot in the present time.  Nowadays it has a special contribution to the journalism and employment sector.

2. Importance of Shorthand in the Employment Sector

A comparison of handwriting in the handwriting process is used in an excessive form in the employment sector due to the clarity of shorthand and writing in a short time.  Below are some examples of its usefulness in various workspaces.

2.1 Parliament and Legislature

Parliament and Legislature provide good job opportunities for shorthand.  Without shorthand, their sound actions cannot be written.  Where the young man/women writing at 160 and 140 words per minute speed is called an officer of the first-grade clerk.

2.2 In office

Nowadays, the use of the Hindi language, as well as the use of shorthand, is also increasing in the offices.  In the offices, more primer shorthand is given than handwriting.  Because time seems more than handwriting.  But beauty also ends.  Shorthand provides beauty as well as beauty.  Understanding shorthand is easier than handwriting.  Shruti author Shruti after writing the article tanks it on the typing, which is natural to come to beauty.  Nowadays if the young man learns shorthand and typing after passing the tenth, then he can get employment somewhere.

2.3 In the courts

Every language is spoken in the courts and the Hindi language is the national language of the country. It is also used in more form, therefore, there is a need for a Hindi stenographer to write testimony there because the pace of handwriting is very slow,  In such cases, shorthand is of utmost importance, because it is a script that can be read along with speaking.

 If a young person has to officially become a tear writer for writing medicine, then he has to show his educational qualification.

2.4 In journalism

The usefulness of journalism is increasing day by day.  Through this, we get news of the country's world very easily.  But for journalists, this task is not so easy.  When a correspondent of a journalist goes to the Parliament or Assembly, he hears the voices of ministers who speak loudly.  As well as speaking these things with the ministers, writing becomes very difficult in handwriting.  In such cases, shorthand is very necessary.  So that any speech of any minister can reach the people without any mistake.

2.5 Self-employment opportunities

Nowadays, when there is a fight for employment all around, self-employment can be a very good option.  If the youth does not get employment according to their skills, then they can establish self-employment by learning the shorthand because of sitting at home.

The term of shorthand is not small, but it is the office of the assistant.  If you find a job by shorthand learning, then it is best.  If the job is not available.  Through this, youth can establish self-employment.  He can open a training center where sitting can get jobs.  Or, for part-time employment, the lawyer can run his job with a doctor, literary writer, etc.

3.Development order of shorthand

                                   Shorthand Course For Beginners With System Groote
Introduction to Shorthand -: Shorthand Course For Beginners With System Groote
Shorthand Language

To date, there is no solid evidence regarding the origin of shorthand.  Yes, of course, it has come to be heard.  That the Roman Emperor Cicero's Secretary Marcus Tulias all created 63rd East Shorthand  This method of arrow arriving in Mishra before 155 AD, this method kept knocking for a thousand years.  In those days, shorthand was used to write the Roman Emperor and Senate speeches. Trine that the script was a strange art of writing down the Roman script's words.

. 1558 AD Dr. Trimoti Bright Corrects', which is considered the first book in the field of shorthand.  This book came true for voice writing.  Earlier, the books written in high-speed writing could not be meaningful.  So he soon disappeared and Bright's book got priority.

. In 1602 AD, only 5 recipes were made to express to all the people.

. In 1626 AD, Thomas gave rise to the short writings 'Bechigraphy' and 'Geographic'.  It was used by Samuel Pepys to write his diary.

. 1660 In a book entitled Common Writing published by Loadrich.  It also came out of the perspective of sound theory.

. William Memon wrote the book, 1672 AD La Vournete.  By which Thomas Nguni became the official Ashoka author, named the modified version of this as 'Gunese Bechigraphy'.  Judge Guiney was made the official offender by assuming this method.

. In 1767 AD, Dr. John Virus published a book entitled Universal English Short Hand, which survived to 1825 in seven volumes.

.In 1860 Ebbe Emile Dupley from France's Koch gave birth to stenographer Duple, which was completely phonetic.  Whose dishes were based on the geometry lines?  And I can see how much I can see in my voice.  Later, Duple of France and the two British scholars of Slovens, together, gave birth to a new method which was later known as 'Sloan-duployan' and then known as charity.

. In 19th century England, it became popular in the name of linguistics.  The pen that William Jones did on the sound theory of Sanskrit had a profound effect on Sir Isaac Pitman.  In 1837 AD he wrote a book called 'Staggic Sound Hand' which, in collaboration with sound principles, was known in 1849 as phonographography.  Which was directly related to Avni.  The arrival of Pittman's shorthand in the field of a new era was a sign of the beginning.  Although Pitman's work was not new.  Even before these 460 shorthand methods were given their 10th.

. Further research was conducted in the shorthand after Pittman so that the maximum speed could be extracted from the geometry formats.

. In 1880, John Robert Greg gave birth to a method on the lines of Nehal.  Which was known in the name of the light line 'fonography'.  It was identified by the 'Greg method' in the Shorthand region.  Thus, in English Shorthand literature, three main methods (Pitman, Sloan-duployan, Greg) are found. On any shorthand, books are based on Pittman and Sloan-duployan method.

. With the British rule in India, the official language of the English became English.  The manner in which Sir Isaac Pittman had given birth in England was sure to enter India.  Hindi shorthand originated from the theory of pillar.

4 Good shorthand properties

A good stenographer should have the following qualities:

1. Concentration - Good stenographer needs to be concentrated.  Because things are written by them are very important.

2. Work efficiency according to the work area - Understanding the need for different work areas, the work of shorthand should be edited.  Knowledge of the working language words of each department and its performance accordingly identifies a good shorthand.

3. It is very necessary to be a clear listener-shorthand listeners because their work depends on the correctness of the written word.

4. Ability to write - Ability to write shorthand should be as good as it is to listen to them so that they can write the list without any mistake and quickly.

5. Training Technique

Shorthand is an art that requires very good administration and practice. Any person can be a good stenographer with good training.

The training method is as follows:

1. Take a good shorthand book

2. Study all the rules of shorthand thoroughly.

3. Comparison of shorthand signs by handwriting. To understand the most prominent part of learning shorthand, the signs of shorthand is to be understood.

4. Once you've read and understood them, try writing after that.

5. Write every sign of the shorthand in a copy many times. Do this until you find the word written by you, with the words of the book.

6. Practice writing by writing every sentence and symbol of the book, until it begins to feel normal to write shorthand.

7. After that, make practice by writing a sentence from someone and writing at the same speed.

8. Increase the speed of sentences for good speed.

9. Keep practicing continuously.

6. Shorthand in India

                                                           Introduction to Shorthand
Introduction to shorthand
Shorthand Writing 

17, Hindustani Short-Hand M Hindi Typewriter Committee was formed as per the directions of the first President of India. The basic purpose of this committee was to present a standard book for government and business courses by surveying books written on Hindi Shorthand.
The books which were surveyed by this committee include the Gajanan system of Jagat Singh of Jodhpur, Hindustani shorthands of Ram Prasad of Bihar, J.K. Tanden of Ajmer and Sarbsha signature of S.P Mehra, Hindi sign of Vishnudutt uni all of Almora. Khanna script of Dr. Narayan Das Khanna of Lipi, Lucknow; S.M. of Delhi; Corporation's corporation system, Hindi shorthand of Mathura Prasad of Muzaffarnagar, Sharma script of Gokhale of Kanpur, H.P. of Mumbai. Moholkar's Hindi prompting etc. The book that the committee produced was called standard shorthand.

However, in Hindi Shorthand, Prof. N. S corporation's Sahasrara micrometry, Shunodhya perception of Ghananand Phulera, A. Early standard shorthand of Hindi shortened instructor Harish Gupta of Vedantacharya of Vedantacharya, by Dr. Gopal Dutt, by P. Swaminarayan, L.P.J.AN Signal, L.P. Jain signature script, Saroja Prasad Singh's Hindi Shorthands Manual Pitman Short Hand Publication Dev Nagar, Dr. Gopal Dutt The special shorthand of Bisht, Dr. Sajnani's self-teacher Ashulipi, Prithvi Singh's simple Hindi Shorthand Wisdom.

The second decade of independence is considered to be special for Hindi and Hindi shorthand. In the decade, the Hindi teaching scheme was launched by the Home Ministry and on the other hand the non-governmental organization, the Central Secretariat Council was formed. This council encouraged employees of central offices working in the Hindi language. Even today, the Hindi Shorthand Competition organizes this only institution.

7. Principal Shorthand Principles

Some of the world's major stenographers have the following:

1. Pittman 2. Greg 3. Sloan-duployan

1. The Pitman-Pitman system is a system of writing sign language in English. It was started by Issac Pitman (1813-1897). He presented it in 1837. In this system, the words are written in the same way as it is said.

2. Greg - This is a system of shorthand invented by John Roberts Gregg in 1888. Greg and Pitman are the most prevalent stenographers of the English language.

3. Sloan-duployan- It was invented by Father Emile Duploye in 1860. It is basically the shorthand system of the French language. It has been expanded in many languages ?? (English, Spanish, etc.). This system is written from left to right.

8. Writing Materials

To write a book should be a long notebook whose line is at least 1 centimeter or 3/8 inch distance. His paper should not be too soft or rough. A good flexible lemon fountain pen should be written for writing, otherwise, it can be written with a good pencil. The pencil should not be too hard and not too soft or special H.B. to write a shorthand The pencil will be fine.

The other thing is to bring these things in a special way. The author should note that the notebook should sit in front of it so that the body of the body does not fall on both hands. Hold the pencil or pen with the right hand and keep it on the clip in this manner, so that only the bottom 2 fingers touch only with the clip and the wrists or hands are equal above the hand so that there is ease in writing and there is no exhaustion. With the left thumb and the first finger holding the lower-left of the page, which gives them time to write the writing and get the end of the sharpness, even if there is the convenience to reverse the page. It should be ensured that the pencil or pen should be pressed to be pressed hard, because doing so does not move the hand quickly, and the obstruction in writing seems to be known.

9. Shorthand definitions

The following definitions related to shorthand are:

9.1 lines

 There are 36 dishes in the Hindi alphabet. In addition to this, there are some sounds like F, D, Red, Z. There are no Indian dishes in which to express the words, but the recipes used are taken into the work by placing a bindi under F, D, D, H.

Forms of lines
1. Straight 2. Curve

These lines are depicted in different directions-
1. Top to bottom 2. Bottom to top 3. Left to right

9.2 fast

 S, H, SH, Z are made by the fast in addition to the lines. Two types of lines are drawn to make this fast, one is to the left to the left and the other from left to right. If the fast is coming before the line, then the first line is followed by the diagram and if the fast comes in the end then the first line and later the fast will be read. Fast forward lines, fast lines in straight lines from left to right and, on the left side of the two lines, and in the middle (S, H, A, Z), two dishes consisting of a consonant line And second will be made from fast.

9.3 dash

In order to reveal the tone of voice in the shorthand, a small vowel is replaced by the dot vowel and the dash is replaced by the dash near the tree line in the shape of a linear pattern.

In this, the short voice is displayed by a light point and a light country and long vowels are displayed by deep dots and deep dashes.

9.4 hooks

In order to bring motility in shorthand, the dishes use hooks, d, d, l, n, and, f andy for hooks.

1. Initial Hook - R, L dishes when combined with any other dishes then form a combined consonant. For example, A hook has been used in shorthand to reveal them, it is applied in the initial state of the hook line.

 2. The last hook - At the end of the diagrams, a hook is applied in the opposite direction of the clock needle for the needle and needle in the case of needle and gram for the recipes and for the f, or other recipes. No, the hooks of the hooks will always be placed inside the lines. The hook is not used when not in the final stage, but, y, f, a vowel.

10. Shorthand recipes

There are 33 dishes in Hindi language and 3 in (TRA, X, GYA) are combined consonants. Due to the dishes, the consonant line cut from the middle and not for the dishes, the consonant line is deep and the consonant line has been deepened for the Shish dishes line. Hindi sha for consonants of Urdu and the dishes line of Urdu, the dishes have been cut from the middle.

10.1 Classification of dishes

While classifying the dishes, we have kept the recipes from A to 5 classes, and the remaining dishes in the other category. Urdu language and Urdu cuisine.

10.2 Writing Directions for Recipes

Along with the K class, neither the dishes are expressed from left to right and induced derived axis lines i.e., from the level line and y, r, l, y, h, sh, octal line. All the dishes are made by light and dark lines. The line of direct line is 1/6 inch long. At the angle of 90 ° degrees in T square, at a 60 ° angle, the square is made by a downward line, bending at an angle of 45 degrees to the left. In order to reveal the differences between the R and F discipline line, the drop-down line has been drawn by dividing the consonant line at 30 degrees below and for the Uddhavagiri and Chess line above 7 degrees above the bowl.

10.3 Mixing of Consonant Lines

When constructing words, more than one consonant takes lines without a pen or pencils.

10.4 deep and light lines

The letters of the shorthand are represented by different lines. Therefore it is important that we pay extra attention to these lines and practice them well.

When the lines are finely or thick, they should be very careful when written above them from above and below, or if they are simple and cut.

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